North India, which extends from Rajasthan in the west to Bihar in the East, is a region of the Indian subcontinent over which kings and empires have fought for centuries. The states of North India are Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
From Alexander's invasion of the Indian subcontinent in 326 B.C., to the coming of Islam in the 10th and 11th centuries and the invasions of Babur in the early 16th century, North India has borne the brunt of invaders attacks. Many kingdoms have been established in North India, from the Mauryan empire centred in present day Bihar around 324 B.C., to the Tomaras who ruled the area around Delhi in the 10th century A.D., the Delhi Sultanate from the 13th to the 16th centuries, the Mughal empire from the early 16th century to the mid 19th century, and the British who went on to control most of the Indian subcontinent till India gained independence in 1947.
Each of these and other powers that controlled parts of North India left behind evidence of their rule in the form of monuments such as forts, palaces, temples, mosques and tombs as well as roads, bridges and lakes made for civic welfare.
Many of these monuments and structures can be seen today across North India and are a tourists delight. The Taj Mahal in Uttar Pradesh in North India is one of the most well known monuments in the world.
Each of the states of North India has something to offer a tourist. The North Indian states are:
the capital of India, many rulers and aspirants who sought to rule from Delhi have fought over this historic city. With monuments ranging from the remnants of Lalkot of the Tomaras and Kila Rai Pithora of Prithviraj Chauhan to Siri, Tughlaqabad, Jahanpanah, Firozabad, Dinpanah and Shahjahanabad constructed by rulers of the Delhi Sultanate and the succeeding Mughal Empire, Delhi is a historian's delight. The British Empire in India created the elegant buildings of New Delhi, which are now the President's mansion and the Parliament House. Delhi's grand monuments including Red Fort, Jama Masjid and Humayun's Tomb and newer structures such as the Bahai Temple attract tourists all year round.
a state in North India next to Delhi offers opportunities for adventure tourism, golf tourism and nature and leisure tourism. Sanctuaries such as the Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary bird watchers and the annual crafts festival in Surajkund is a popular tourist attraction. The hill station of Panchkula is a pleasant getaway from the heat of the plains.
Known for the Golden Temple in Amritsar, the holy shrine of Sikhism, Punjab attracts many business tourists because it is the manufacturing and agricultural leader among states in India. Cities such as Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Phagwara are known for their spinning mills, sports goods factories and agricultural products companies. Patiala, Pathankot and Sangrur have historic buildings and scenic spots which tourists will enjoy visiting. The robust folk dances of Punjab are a sight to be seen. You're sure to feel like joining in when the drums start beating and the men dance the vigorous Bhangra and the women clap their hands and dance the Gidda.
One of the most visited tourism destinations in India, Rajasthan is known for its fabulous palaces, grand forts, colourful festivals, royal ambience, cultural heritage, desert sands and camel safaris. Jaipur, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Chittorgarh, and Bikaner - each city of Rajasthan is known for its colourful history, with many tales of bravery and passion. The wildlife sanctuaries of Ranthambore, Sariska and Baharatpur are well-known nature tourism attractions in India. The Palace on Wheels, a luxury train, revives memories of the royal times of the Maharajas, as it carries tourists through Rajasthan, India.