India is a land of rich history, huge political upheavals and a great mythological treasure,and while planning a trip to India, you must keep in mind that if you do not explore these traits of the country, you would not be able to see the country in its true splendor. So in order to have the most exciting trip in the Indian subcontinent, you must plan a trip to the historical places in India.
The various dynasties, emperors, invasions, and battles; a lot can be explored in the various states of India, each one of which will be showing a different culture of its own. The monuments and architectural buildings are a mode of keeping the history intact, and if you take a tour to these buildings you would be able to trace that history through a very enjoyable holiday. To begin with, you can plan a visit to the Red Fort, a very important and one of the top 10 forts and palaces of the country.
The important, grand, sturdy and beautiful red sandstone building is located in the Old Delhi area of Delhi city, the capital of the country, along the Yamuna river and is also known as Lal Qila.
Red Fort was built under the commission of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, in the form of a complex, that consists many buildings, and gardens.Red Fort has always been appreciated for its style and design, drawing many tourists, in every season.
The Fort was built under the commission of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, in the 17th century, in the form of a complex, that consists many buildings, and gardens. Acknowledged as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, since 2007, this building is the place where the Prime Minister of the country hoist national flag on every Independence Day, the 15th of August, and address the nation.
One of the greatest examples of Mughal art and architecture, Red Fort has always been appreciated for its style and design, drawing many tourists, in every season. A fine amalgamation of Persian, European and Indian styles, the structure has two major entry gates, though the main is Lahore Gate. Through this a long street of market, with trinkets, antiques and Indian handicrafts is displayed, which opens into a bigger complex with various structures and ending in the southern Delhi Gate.
A large pavilion area, with huge space for audience while a throne balcony, known as Jharokha is constructed in the extreme front for the Emperor. This was the place where the Emperor used to acknowledge the public on festivals and occasions.
In this rectangular section, a lot of designing and inlay working was done, and here also was placed the famous Peacock Throne of the Mughal emperors, which was invaded by Nadir Shah. In this section of the Fort, the emperor used to greet and attend his guests and special audience.
Moti Masjid -
This particular section is a mosque, which was built in later times for Shah Jahan's son Aurangzeb. Built in white marble, with three domes , the mosque opens to the main courtyard. It is also known as the Pearl Mosque.
Rang Mahal -
One of the souther sections, which was built as a zenana, or the women's quarters, the Rang Mahal, is a beautiful structure with gilded and decorated ceiling. This contains a marble pool, in which water from the Nahr-i-Behisht, the Steam of Paradise, flows continuously.
Hayat Bakhsh Bagh -
No royal complex is complete without a grand garden area, and here also we have the same in Hayat Bakhsh Bagh, also known as Life- Bestowing- Garden, to the north. The garden is divided into two, by water channels, and pavilions are made all around them.
The Red Fort is a place where tourists can also see some amazing antique jewelery and art work, in a small street of bazaar, where stalls of small knick knacks are sold. You will find, silver, copper, bronze jewelery and artifacts here, along with traditional Indian designs of embroideries on fabrics.
Important facts about Red Fort:
·More than 3000 people (royals and their servants) lived here, but it was evacuated by the Britishers after the 1857, Sepoy Mutiny.
·It served as the headquarters of the British Indian Army after that, and the Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was tried and exiled. After Independence from Britishers in 1947, Indian Army gained control of the Fort.
· In 2003, the tourism government took charge of the Fort and its maintenance.
·An evening sound and light show is arranged for tourists, every day.
· Some museums are there inside the complex, including Indian War Memorial Museum, Archaeological Museum and the one showing the “Blood Paintings”, showcasing martyrdom of many soldiers.