Top 10 Historical Monuments


A land of rich heritage, history and culture, India is a favorite spot for those who like to explore the charming locales, adventurous places, comfortable holiday destinations, and cultural authenticity of the country.

This authenticity has been maintained by the rustic villages, their people , their language, their heritage and above all, the historical monuments which locate them in a  historical background. 

India has a treasure of such monuments, which still gets as much attention as during the time when they were built. These buildings talk of the splendor, aesthetics and architecture of not only a historical era but also of the different kingdoms and rulers. So explore the incredible country on a historical tour.

Some of the famous monuments of India are :

  • Qutub Minar, Delhi

This is a minaret in the capital city of the country, which is surrounded by a whole complex area, with many historical ruins also. The building in sandstone is a pride for the country and is a jewel of the Mughal art. Declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is a popular destination among tourists.

  • Taj Mahal, Agra

This structure in white marble, and built under the commission of Mughal King Shah Jahan, is not only a UNESCO World Heritage Site, but also one of the most famous wonders of the world. Built in the memory of the emperor's wife, it is a symbol of love and beauty.

  • Mysore Palace, Mysore

The residence of the erstwhile royal family of Mysore, this Palace is a beautiful building, which was built in the last few years of 19th century, but have been renovated over and over. The present building is a grand structure which draws a lot of tourist attraction.

  • Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra

Dating back to the 2nd century, these are rock cut caves and temples, in Aurangabad, Maharashtra. The interiors of the caves are carved and various frescoes or paintings can be seen, especially of the Buddhist tales. These iconic caves are also popular as World Heritage Site.

  • Charminar, Hyderabad

A 16th century building, this is a landmark monument, in the form of a gateway. The four minarets supported by four intricately designed arches, have become a favorite tourist spot in Hyderabad. The monument is in the main city center, surrounded by crowded streets, and at a proximity to the Musi River and Mecca Masjid.

  • Sanchi Stupa, Sanchi

Originally built around 3rd century BC, under the commission of Ashoka the Great, this is one of the oldest buildings in India, and a World Heritage Site. The structure has a hemispherical dome, which is built over the relics of Buddha.

  • Red Fort, Delhi

The most important building, a fort, in Delhi, built in red sandstone, under the commission of Shah Jahan, is a popular building for its art and importance. Here, the President of the country hoist the national flag on the Independence Day.

  • Lotus Temple, Delhi

A unique temple, built in the structure of a flower with defined petals, it encourages the unity of all religions and humankind. Here no idols are  worshiped and no sermons are preached, only peace talks here. People of all religion can come here without any restrictions.

  • Gateway of India, Mumbai

A very popular gateway, in Mumbai area of Maharashtra and an important landmark of the area too, it is a very beautiful tourist spot. The proximity to the beach and sea makes it even more popular. The structure is made in both, Hindu as well as Muslim style, and hence a popular among all.

  • Agra Fort, Agra

Located in Agra, near the Taj, this was a very important building for the Mughal rulers, as it was the main center of their capital, Agra city. The building is built in red sandstone, and is a greatly styled Persian structure. It was also used as a military center during the country's fight against Britishers for their independence.

 These few places are the top most tourist haunts, in the country, which provides them a momentary but deep glimpse at the splendid history of the country.

Last updated : Jan 3, 2012.

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