We all have our own interests, which at some point of time in life we like to live. Some like making music, some are good businessmen, some like to cook, while some like to travel and see the world. If you are a traveler, then we recommend the Asian subcontinent, India, for its variety of tourist attractions. You can enjoy the hills, trek through the sublime mountains, see the coasts and walk on the beaches, prepare yourself for a diversity of cultural glimpses.
It is also a country popular for its rich historical background, which you can trace through its museums and historical monuments. In every state, the most popular tourist attractions will include many monuments of architectural and historical value, and Delhi, being the capital city treasures quite a lot of these structures; Qutub Minar, for instance, which is one of the top 10 historical monuments in the country.
Qutub Minar is a part of Qutub Complex, located in the southern region of Delhi, Mehrauli, and is well connected by roads and other links, such as Delhi Metro route. The nearest metro station is Qutub Minar, and you can easily visit the place on your Delhi historical trip.
Qutub Minar is one of the most popular and tallest tower in the country, built in red sandstone and marble, in 12th century by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, and Iltutmish after his death. Many ancient buildings or precisely ruins, surround the tower and together form a complex, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Minar is 72.5 meters tall and has 379 stairs in total, and was built as a victory tower by Aibak,on the victory of his lord Muhammad Ghori over Prithviraj Chauhan.
The first ever structure built in India, in an Indo- Islamic architecture, Qutub Minar is a major tourist destination in the country. On each floor there is a balcony, for people to enjoy the views outside. The entire tower is designed with intricate carvings and also verses from Quran are inscribed. The tower has received damages, time and again by natural calamities, but have been repaired and rebuilt
The Minar has been built in a conical form, and has 5 storeys. It is one of the first monument in India, built in Mughal architecture. The minaret was supposedly built to call people for prayers in the adjacent Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, which forms a part of the Qutub Complex.
A very old mosque, which is now mostly in ruins, but still protected, is one of the main features of the complex area. It is designed in Persian architecture and is decked up with many carvings and calligraphies.
The Iron Pillar:
A 7 meter long iron pillar stands tall in the middle of the complex and the mosque, built by Chandragupta Maurya in around 400 AD. You will find inscriptions on the pillar as well, near the base. This is one amazing metallurgical splendor in the country, and was made rust proof.
It is a domed structure built by Ala-ud-din Khilji, which was believed to be built as an entrance to the mosque, but it's own architectural beauty makes it one of the best attractions of the complex, though a little hidden behind the mighty tower.
This is also a tower, which Ala-ud-din Khilji began to built in competition to the Qutub, but as soon as the first storey got completed , he passed away and hence only this one storey Minar has been left, to be included as a major attraction of the Complex.
There are two tombs in the complex area, one of the maker Iltutmish and other of Imam Zamin, a saint from Turkestan, 13th and 16th century structures, respectively. Both the structures are finished with carvings and embellishments, while you would also find verses on the tombs.
Important Information about Qutub Minar:
· The Minar was built on the ruins of Lal Kot, the capital of last Hindu rulers of Delhi, the Chauhans and the Tomars.
· Qutub Minar has been inspired from the Minaret of Jam in Afghanistan.
· In 16th and 18th century, the Minar received damages because of lightening and earthquake, but was rebuilt by the then rulers.
· In the month of November -December, a Qutub Festival is organized every year in the complex, for three days, funded by the Tourism Government of India, which showcase many arts, crafts and cultural performances of the country.
· Though it is a Mughal architectural site, the old ruins of Jain temples still surround the buildings of the complex.